Qi and Yin and Yang

April 29, 2009

Qi and Yin and Yang

(Extract taken from Gyda Anders’ paper presented at the 4th International Conference on Scientific Feng Shui and the Built Environment, entitled “Feng Shui Criteria for Planning and Design”)

The principle of Yin and Yang forms the basis for Feng Shui. “ Once Yin, once Yang is called the Dao, the Dao of Kan Yu can not be separated from Yin and Yang”. Yin and Yang generate each other. In within Yin there is Yang, in within Yang there is Yin. If Yin reaches source for all being “ The so called dragon is enabled by the mutual transformation, the mutual transformation is enabled by Yin and Yang.” (Wang Yude 王玉德 (1995). “Zhonghua Kanyu Shu” 中华堪舆术. 文津出版社. Taiwan, p78ff)

All being derives from and is defined by the interplay of Yin and Yang. The balance of Yin and Yang define the quality of Qi. To investigate the Qi structure of a place, the qualities and tendencies of a given situation, its Yin Yang balance has to be recognized. To distinguish Yin and Yang 分陰陽 is the premise for the understanding and development of a place and by that for any building activity. Referring to Chinese Classic like the ”Zhou Yi”, the” Dao De Jing” or the Song Dynasty work “地理發微“(Gross And Subtle Principles Of Earth resp. Feng Shui by Cai Yuanding 蔡元定 1135 – 1198, picture showed below) Prof. Wang Yude and author Zhong Yiming 鐘義明 point out the most prominent aspects of Yin and Yang (辯陰陽) to be distinguished

1. Investigate hard and soft 推刚柔

2. Distinguish between substantial and unsubstantial 辯有無

3. Understand movement and stationary 明動靜

4. Distinguish between mountain and water 辯山水

5. Observe gathering and dispersing 觀聚散

6. Distinguish between form and configuration 辯形勢

7. Examine front and back 審向背

8. Distinguish strong and weak 變強弱

9. Differentiate the going along and going against 分順逆

10. Be aware of alive and dead 識生死

11. Inquire the subtle and prominent 察微著

12. Distinguish between stems and branches 辯秓幹

13. Study carefully the parts and the whole 究分合

14. Analyze appearance and essence 別浮沉

15. Determine shallow and deep 定淺深

16. Adjust abundance and reduction 正饒減

17. Particularize the accelerating and avoiding 詳趨避

18. Know about the diminishing and completing 知裁成

19. Regard female and male 觀雌雄

20. Ascertain the origin of mutual resonance 原感應

A system of variance gets established, serving as a frame or structure for the differences. The two complementary antipodes are opposed to each other. They constitute the extreme wherein everything develops. A meticulous inventory of the diversity is raised. With endless patience the being of the situation gets investigated, to find out the essence (本性) to draw its secret.

With this typology, a downright system of coherence is captured. This system is based on the oppositional- complementary relations of yin and yang. Each item or aspect is designed in reference and answer to another. Relevance evolves from their (inter)relation. The objective/aim is to make the specific potential perceptible and operant through grouping and configuration by developing and diversifying the interplay of Yin and Yang.

cai-yuanding

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